If you are new to hiking or camping, building a tent from scratch is a skill you must master. If you don’t know, that’s okay because there are many ways to build your tent, and they all require different levels of experience to build.

So you’ll need to decide which one suits you the most and then follow along with the article and complete your tent from scratch.

Don’t worry, and I will tell you the easiest ways to help you build a tent from scratch.Let’s Get started!

 First of all, you need to have a list of tent parts to find everything you need and buy it.

List of the Parts Of Tent

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

A. Tent Body

it is the cloth that is sewn together and forms a tent. The tents have one or more walls (most tents nowadays have 2-3 walls), an entrance, and usually a separate flysheet (see below for details).

B. Frame

It should be a minimal frame to hold the shape of the tent. This frame can be aluminium which is strong but lightweight, and it can shape according to any terrain, or fibreglass or wood frames.

C. Poles

Are the poles that help hold the tent and support an overhead tarp in extreme conditions. These are usually made of fibreglass or aluminium.

D. Stakes

Hold the tent down if it’s windy or stormy, or make sure it doesn’t get pulled over by a passing animal.

E. Stakeouts

These stakes are driven into the ground and connected to the tent with shock cords, so you don’t have to bend over once they’re in the ground (saves wear and tear on your back as well as time).

F. Fly Sheet

This additional waterproof cover goes over the tent body and is pulled to the ground. This keeps rain, snow, dust (etc.) out of the tent. Some tents have their fly sheets, while others are covered by a separate one or one that attaches at various points around the edge of the tent.

G. Skirt

A separate piece of material draped around the bottom of a tent or sometimes used on individual walls to provide extra coverage and help keep water out (for example, on an A-frame style tent).

H. Pole Clips

These clips hold the poles in place before being sewn into the tent body, usually around doorways and other areas where stability is important.

I. Guy lines

Jute ropes with loops at each end that hold the tent to the ground. They can be attached to eyelets along the edges of a flysheet, so you don’t have to dig holes and hammer in stakes.

J. Tensioners

These are used where there is more than one pole (e.g., two or three poles that cross each other in a hub). They keep the spacing even between the ends of the poles.

K. Pole Protectors

These are usually made from closed-cell foam on the interior and exterior of poles. They protect the end of a pole from scratches and scuffs when it is placed in a tent bag for storage or transport.

L. Duct Tape

This can be used to seal tears, repair seams, attach small items, etc. The possibilities are endless!

M. Tent Stakes

These are used to hold the tent in place and keep it from blowing away. They come in all shapes, sizes and materials now.

N. Cord

Used to lace the tent body, flysheet and poles together.

O. Twine

This is a lightweight line that can be used to make a permanent seam in the tent material or tape but doesn’t want rope showing on the outside of the tent. It’s also great for “stakes” when pitching tarps.

P. Hand

Sewing needles and polyester thread: These are used for any hand-sewing (e.g., a tear) on a tent, significantly when it’s been damaged by your pup or kids.


Grommets are eyelets that give you places to tie cords from the inside of the tent body out through the material to the outside. Based on the tent’s design, they’re usually about an inch in diameter and spaced about 6–10 inches apart (give or take).

R. Tarp Clamps

These are metal or plastic clips that you hammer into the ground to hold a tarp in place. They have the advantage of being reusable, but they can take a while to set up properly and don’t always stay in place as well as grommets. It used to hold down a tarp when it rains because sometimes more giant tarps don’t have grommets along their edges.

Steps Of Building A Tent Step By Step

How To Build A Tent From Scratch

Here are the step for building a tent from scratch:

Step 1: Installing The Poles

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

The first step to building a tent from scratch is to install the poles. A tent usually consists of a pair of long, parallel poles, called the front and back pole; a shorter cross pole on top at one or both ends; and sometimes another set of short poles used to support the roof or canopy. The front pole is placed first and crossed at the top with the back pole to give the tent its basic shape.

Step 2: Form A Frame For Tying Out Cords

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

This step of building a tent from scratch involves sewing out a frame for tying out cords on each side so you can tie ropes between them. It gets the tent off the ground and helps keep it square. Some tents come with pre-sewn channels or loops on the bottom of the tent body to make this step easier, but hand sewing is fine.

Step 3: Attaching The Fly Sheet

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

Once again, building a tent from scratch involves lacing out the flysheet over the tent’s frame and attaching it down with a cord or twine.

Step 4: Attaching The Tent Body

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

In the fourth step of building a tent from scratch, the tent body is attached to the flysheet. You may also have to attach a groundsheet to protect the bottom of your tent from sharp rocks.

Step 5: Lacing In Cord To Attach Pegs And Guy Lines

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

The fifth step in building a tent from scratch is to place in cord for pegs, guy lines and any other stakes that may be needed.

Step 6: Add The Inner Tent

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

In the process of building, you need to add the inner tent, which serves as your main living space and protects you from rain and wind. It also gives you a dry, sheltered place to store your gear. Inner tents are made of heavier material than fly sheets, and they overlap in an area known as the vestibule (which keeps rain out) and always with a door that can be opened from the inside so you can get outside when needed.

Step 7: Finishing Touches

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

You will have to add finishing touches, such as cord pulls on the zippers so you can open them from inside your sleeping bag and place loops at the top of interior edges where they fold down into or out of pockets. You’ll also want a loop for hanging a flashlight and possibly a hook or peg where you can hang your clothes.

Step 8: Add A Footprint

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

The eighth step of building a tent from scratch is to add a footprint that covers the bottom of your tent and protects it. The footprints (typically made of nylon or polyethene) are slightly bigger than your tent floor and are used to protect it from abrasion and keep it dry under harsh conditions.

Step 9: Staking Out Your Tent

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

The final step in building a tent from scratch is to stake out your tent securely enough so that the wind won’t blow it away but loosely enough that you can take it down quickly when you’re ready. Most tents have cords sewn into their bottom hem and loops attached to stakes for this purpose. You should stake out your tent where the ground is solid, level, and not muddy or rocky, as you risk damaging it if you try to pound in stakes on hard surfaces.

Step 10: Enjoy Your Tent

How To Build A Tent From Scratch by hikingrange.com

You now know how to build a tent from scratch! You must thoroughly waterproof your tent before using it for the first time without any fabric flaws. If water leaks into the seams while it’s raining, then this water can’t escape and will eventually soak through your insulation, sleeping bag or mat. The general rule is that you should pitch your tent in camp and waterproof the seams, but don’t use a groundsheet until you’re sure there are no leaks. You can test for leaks by spraying some water on the various seams of your tent to check for any upcoming puddles. This prevents wasting time camping if you find leaks in your tent.